The word used instead of noun is called pronoun. That is, the pronoun takes the place of the noun. Such as: she, his, what, who,all,each,himself etc.
Example– Yefad reads in class 10.
Yefad is a good student.
Yefad learns Yefad’s lessons attentively.
Everybody likes Yefad very much.
The repeated use of the noun Yefad in the above sentences has ruined the beauty and sweetness of the sentence. But if called –
Yefad reads in class 10. He is a good student. He learns his lessons attentively. Everybody likes him very much.
It doesn’t feel bad to hear like this but it feels good. There is no difference in money. The word Yefad is used once, he, his, him is used instead. The words He, his, him refer to Yefad instead of the noun Yefad. So the words he, his, him are pronouns.
Personal pronouns are pronouns that are used instead of person or object to mean who is talking, who is being talked about, and who is being talked about.
Examples: I, we, he, she,it, they etc.
I am a girl. They are playing football. He is a good student.
There are 3 types of personal pronouns. E.g:
First person: The one who speaks is called the first person. Such as – I, we, me, us, my, our etc.
Second person: The person you are talking about is called the second person. E.g. You, your, thou, thy, thee etc.
Third person: A person who is talked about is called a third person. E.g., He, she, they, him, his, her, them, their, it, its etc .
Demonstrative pronouns are pronouns that are used instead of a specific person or object to indicate that person or object. E.g., This, that, such, those, these, it etc .
The pronouns that are used to ask something are called interrogative pronouns. E.g. What, who, whose, whom,which etc.
Re means back and lative means relationship. That is, a pronoun that sits after any of the aforementioned nouns and connects two sentences at the same time is called a relative pronoun. E.g., which, who, that, what, whom, but, such … as, the same … as etc .
Pronouns that refer to an indefinite person or object without referring to a particular person or object are called indefinite pronouns. E.g. some, one, any, none, both, many etc .
Indefinite pronoun again 2 types. These are –
Positive pronoun: Pronouns that mean yes are called positive pronouns. E.g.- all, each, every, every, everything, any, anyone, anything, some, somebody, someone etc .
Negative pronoun: Pronouns that do not signify are called positive pronouns. For example- none, nothing, nobody, no one, neither etc.
Pronouns that refer to two or more persons or objects individually are called distributive pronouns. E.g.every, either, neither,each etc .
When a pronoun takes the place of an object by joining self or selves with a personal pronoun and points back to the subject, it is called a reflexive pronoun. E.g. myseff, ourselves, yourself, yourselves, theself, themselves, himself, herself, itself etc .
2 types of reflexive pronouns. E.g.-
Basic reflexive pronoun
Emphatic reflexive pronoun
Basic reflexive pronoun: Reflexive pronouns that refer to the subject as the object of a transitive verb in a sentence are called basic reflexive pronouns. Such as – I wash myself.
Emphatic reflexive pronoun: Reflexive pronouns that usually sit after a noun to emphasize the noun of a sentence are called emphatic reflexive pronouns.Such as- Did you talk to the Pope himself?
Pronouns that refer to the relationship between two or more persons or animals are called receprocal pronouns. For example: Each either, one another etc .